Programs that provide plots of land on which groups of people living in a neighbourhood can grow fruits, vegetables, herbs and flowers. Community gardens provide access to fresh produce and plants; may be located in parks, schools, hospital grounds or other open areas; and may be nurtured communally and the bounty shared, have individual plots for personal use, or be dedicated to "urban agriculture" where produce is grown for a market. Some have raised beds that are accessible to people with disabilities. The gardens provide an opportunity for participants to savour the freshness, flavour and wholesomeness of home-grown produce; save money on their food bills; grow traditional foods not available in the supermarket; or simply get some exercise and enjoy the benefits of being outdoors. They also support a community's food security, contribute to the preservation of open space, strengthen community bonds, provide a sense of connection to the environment and offer opportunities for community education.
Programs that provide information, technical assistance and support for individuals who want to grow their own produce in a home garden setting. Services may include consultation regarding planting times, soil care and preparation, produce selection and pest control; provision of materials such as seed, fertilizer, potting soil, sod, manure, composting worms and other gardening supplies; and information and guidance regarding harvesting.
Programs that plant, maintain and display for public study and enjoyment collections of flowers, trees, shrubs and ground cover, some of which are rare and exotic.
Programs that provide organized opportunities for individuals to pursue their interest in ornamental plants, flowers, trees, shrubs, house plants, herbs, garden fruits and vegetables or other species of plants, often through the medium of a club or society that is under the leadership to people who are knowledgeable in the subject. Activities may include field trips which enable participants to view different types of plants; lectures, slide shows or other presentations that provide information about plants, gardening techniques, flower arranging and display, and other aspects of horticulture; and opportunities for members to share their own gardening experiences and/or participate in plant-related competitions. Included are Internet-based virtual clubs, WebRings devoted to the subject and clubs where members meet face-to-face.
The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.